# Golden, Golden, Golden

InÂ photography, theÂ

golden hour(also known asÂmagic hour, especially inÂ cinematography) is the first and last hour ofÂ sunlightÂ during the day when a specific photographic effect is achieved with the quality of the light during these hours.

Typically, lighting will be softer (moreÂ diffuse) andÂ warmerÂ inÂ hue, and shadows will be quite pronounced as a result of the sun being so close to the horizon. The sunlight is traveling obliquely (through more of the atmosphere) and striking objects at an angle, instead of straight down.

InÂ philosophy, especially that ofÂ Aristotle, theÂ

golden meanis the desirable middle between two extremes, one of excess and the other of deficiency.Â To the Greek mentality, it was an attribute of beauty. Both ancients and moderns realized that “there is a close association in mathematics betweenÂ beautyÂ andÂ truth”.

InÂ mathematicsÂ and theÂ arts, two quantities are in the

golden ratioif theÂ ratioÂ between the sum of those quantities and the larger one is the same as the ratio between the larger one and the smaller. The golden ratio is anÂ irrationalÂ mathematical constant, approximately 1.6

At least since theÂ Renaissance, manyÂ artistsÂ andÂ architectsÂ have proportioned their works to approximate the golden ratioâ€”especially in the form of theÂ golden rectangle, in which the ratio of the longer side to the shorter is the golden ratioâ€”believing this proportion to beÂ aestheticallyÂ pleasing.